Status Anemia dan Skor Diet Quality Index (DQI) pada Remaja Putri di SMP Ibnu Aqil, Bogor

Elma Alfiah, Andi Mukramin Yusuf, Andi Mukramin Yusuf, Amalina Ratih Puspa, Amalina Ratih Puspa


Anemia is a global health problem, which occurs in both developed and developing countries. The Indonesian Basic Health Research showed that the prevalence of anemia in adolescent girls aged 15-24 years was 48.9% in 2018. This study aimed to analyze the anemia status and diet quality index (DQI) of adolescent girls. The study was a cross-sectional conducted at Ibnu Aqil Junior High School, Ciomas District, Bogor from March to September 2019. The number of students involved as respondents in this study was 84 students. The results show that the prevalence of anemia in adolescent girls was 16.7%, with the mean Diet Quality Index (DQI) score indicating a low diet quality category (55.9 out of 100). There was no significant relationship between hemoglobin levels and DQI scores, but several indicators such as variations in protein source groups, fiber adequacy, iron adequacy, calcium adequacy, total fat moderation, and saturated fat moderation on adolescent girls who suffered anemia showed lower values than with those who didn’t suffer from anemia. The high prevalence of anemia could be caused by poor diet quality aspects, thus diet-based intervention should be the strategic solution to solve this problem. The high prevalence of anemia could be caused by poor diet quality aspects, thus diet-based intervention should be the strategic solution to solve this problem.

Keyword - Adolescence, Anemia, Diet quality, DQI, Supplementation

Full Text:



WHO, The global prevalence of anaemia in 2011, 2015. [Online]. Available:;jsessionid=E09F0E1286C26D4B71A3FB2C9D899D49?sequence=1. [Accessed: Des. 10, 2018].

WHO, Worldwide prevalence of anaemia 1993-2005, 2008. [Online]. Available: [Accessed: Des. 10, 2018].

Kementerian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia, Pesan untuk Remaja Putri Indonesia: Cantik itu Sehat, Bukan Kurus, 2018. [Online]. Available:

G. Mangalik, D. Martianto, D. Sukandar, “Estimasi potensi kerugian ekonomi dan biaya penanggulangan akibat anemia di Indonesia”, Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan, vol. 11, no.3, pp. 237-246, 2016.

Dinas Kesehatan Kabupaten Bogor, Resume Profil Kesehatan Kabupaten Bogor, tahun 2018, 2018. [Online]. Available:

Kementerian Kesehatan RI, Pemberian Tablet Tambah Darah pada Remaja Putri dan Wanita Usia Subur, 2016.

S. Thiele, G.B.M. Mensink, R. Beitz, “Determinants of Diet Quality”, Public Health Nutrition, vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 29-37, 2003.

A. Wirt, C.E. Collins, “Diet Quality – What Is It And Does It Matter?”, Public Health Nutrition, vol. 12, no. 12, pp. 2473 –2492, 2009.

S. Kim, P.S. Haines, A.M. Siega-Riz, B.M. Popkin. “Diet Quality Index-International (DQI-I) Provides An Effective Tool For Cross-National Comparison Of Diet Quality As Illustrated By China And The United States”, J. Nutr, vol. 133, no. 1, pp 3476–3484, 2003.

WHO, Adolescent health and development, 2009. [Online] Available: [Accessed: Okt. 31, 2019].

K.M. Hurley, S.E. Oberlander, B.C. Merry, M.M. Wrobleski, A.C. Klassen, M. M. Black. “The Healthy Eating Index and Youth Healthy Eating Index Are Unique, Nonredundant Measures of Diet Quality among Low-Income, African American Adolescents”, J. Nutr, vol. 139, no. 2, pp. 359–364, 2009.

A. Drewnowski, N. Darmon. “The Economics of Obesity: Dietary Energy Density and Energy Cost”, Am J Clin Nutr, vol. 82(1), no. 1, pp, 265–273, 2005.

WHO, Haemoglobin concentrations for the diagnosis of anaemia and assessment of severity, 2011. [Online]. Available: [Accessed: Des. 10, 2018].

WHO, Focusing on anaemia: Towards an integrated approach for effective anaemia control, 2005. [Online]. Available: [Accessed: Des. 10, 2018].

C. Camaschella, “Iron-Deficiency Anemia”, N Engl J Med, vol. 372, no.19, pp.1832-43, 2015.

Kementerian Kesehatan RI, Peraturan Menteri Kesehatan Republik Indonesia Nomor 28 Tahun 2019 tentang Angka Kecukupan Gizi yang Dianjurkan untuk Masyarakat Indonesia, 2019.

M. Yao, S.B. Roberts. ”Dietary Energy Density And Weight Regulation”, Nutrition Reviews, vol. 59, no. 8, pp. 247-258, 2001.

N. Cole, M.K. Fox. ”Diet Quality Of Americans By Food Stamp Participation Status: Data From The National Health And Nutrition Examination Survey, 1999-2004”. Food And Nutrition Service. US Department Of Agriculture, 2008.

M.G. Thorpe, M. Kestin. L.J. Riddell, R.S.J. Keast, S.A. McNaughton. “Diet quality in young adults and its association with food-related behaviours”, PHN, vol. 17, no. 8, pp. 1767-1775, 2013.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

LP2M (Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengembangan Masyarakat)

Universitas AL-AZHAR INDONESIA, Lt.2 Ruang 207

Kompleks Masjid Agung Al Azhar

Jl. Sisingamangaraja, Kebayoran Baru

Jakarta Selatan 12110