Depresi, Kecemasan, dan Stres Remaja selama Pandemi Covid-19.

Swastika Tiara Pertiwi, Marisa Fransiska Moeliono, Lenny Kendhawati

Abstract


Adolescent are quite vulnerable to experience negative psychological conditions such as depression, anxiety, and stress. The existence of the Covid-19 pandemic has led to policies such as social distancing that restrict adolescent so they need to adapt to be able to carry out their daily activities and carry out their developmental tasks. This study aims to determine the prevalence of negative psychological conditions in adolescent, such as depression, anxiety, and stress during the Covid-19 Pandemic. This research is a quantitative descriptive approach with a cross-sectional design. This research was conducted during August 2020 on 647 adolescents aged 14-18 years in Bandung. The measuring instrument used was the DASS-42 which was done online by participants. The reliability of DASS-42 in this study has an alpha coefficient of 0.955. The results showed that the most negative psychological condition experienced by adolescent during the Covid-19 Pandemic was anxiety, which was found in 58,74% of adolescent. In addition, 32,15% of adolescent experienced depression and 34,7% of adolescent experienced stress during the Covid-19 Pandemic. The prevalence of negative psychological conditions such as depression, anxiety and stress are more experienced by girls than boys.

KeywordsDepression, Anxiety, Stress, Adolescent, Covid-19.


Full Text:

PDF

References


Kompas, Diumumkan Awal Maret, Ahli: Virus Corona Masuk Indonesia dari Januari, https://www.kompas.com/sains/read/2020/05/11/130600623/diumumkan-awal-maret-ahli--virus-corona-masuk-indonesia-dari-januari , 2020.(Diakses pada 26 Oktober 2020)

Suara.com, Kebijakan Ridwan Kamil atas Covid-19 hingga Adaptasi Kebiasaan Baru, https://yoursay.suara.com/news/2020/06/17/184224/kebijakan-ridwan-kamil-atas-covid-19-hingga-adaptasi-kebiasaan-baru, 2020. (Diakses pad 26 Oktober 2020)

Presiden Republik Indonesia, UU Nomor 6 Tahun 2018. 2018.

Y. T. Xiang et al., “Timely mental health care for the 2019 novel coronavirus outbreak is urgently needed,” The Lancet Psychiatry, vol. 7, no. 3, pp. 228–229. 2020. doi: 10.1016/S2215-0366(20)30046-8.

J. Zhanga et al., “The Differential Psychological Distress of Population Affected by The Covid-19 Pandemic”, Brain, Behavior and Immunity 87 pp 49-50. 2020.

C. Wang et al., “Immediate Psychological Responses and Associated Factors during the Initial Stage of the 2019 Coronavirus Disease ( COVID-19 ) Epidemic among the General Population in China,”. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2019.

Humas UNS, Dampak Covid-19 menurut Psikolog UNS, https://uns.ac.id/id/uns-update/dampak-covid-19-menurut-psikolog-uns.html, 2020. (Diakses pada 26 Oktober 2020)

APA, Depression, APA, https://www.apa.org/topics/depression (Diakses pada 27 Oktober 2020)

APA, Anxiety, APA. https://www.apa.org/topics/anxiety#:~:text=

(Diakses pada 27 Oktober 2020)

Sarwono. S W, Psikologi Remaja, Revisi. Depok: Rajagrafindo Persada, 2010.

R. S. Lazarus and S. Folkman, Stress, Appraisal, and Coping. New York USA: Springer Publishing Company, 1984.

Papalia, E. Diane, Olds, W. Sally, Feldman, and D. Ruth, Human Development Perkembangan Manusia. Jakarta: Salemba Humanika, 2009.

S. Bethune, Teen stress rivals that of adults, APA,https://www.apa.org/monitor/2014/04/teen-stress, 2014. (Diakses pada 26 Oktober 2020)

ABC Australia, Dampak Psikologi Virus Corona di Indonesia dan Cara Mengatasinya, Viva,https://www.viva.co.id/berita/nasional/1275412-dampak-psikologi-virus-corona-di-indonesia-dan-cara-mengatasinya, 2020. (Diakses pada 27 Oktober 2020)

L. Duan et al., “An investigation of mental health status of children and adolescents in china during the outbreak of COVID-19”, J. Affect. Disord., vol. 275, no. July, pp. 112–118, 2020, doi: 10.1016/j.jad.2020.06.029.

Priyono, Metode Penelitian Kuantitatif. Sidoarjo: Zifatama Publishing, 2016.

Damanik. E.D, DASS, UNSW, http://www2.psy.unsw.edu.au/dass/Indonesian/Damanik , 2008. (Diakses pada 26 Oktober 2020)

M. E. Loades et al., “Rapid Systematic Review: The Impact of Social Isolation and Loneliness on the Mental Health of Children and Adolescents in the Context of COVID-19”. American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 2020.

M. Altemus, N. Sarvaiya, and C. Neill Epperson, “Sex differences in anxiety and depression clinical perspectives”. Front. Neuroendocrinol., vol. 35, no. 3, pp. 320–330, 2014. doi: 10.1016/j.yfrne.2014.05.004.

L. Fitria and I. Ifdil, “Kecemasan remaja pada masa pandemi Covid -19”, Jurnal Educatio vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 5–8, 2020.

A. Purwanto et al., “Studi Eksploratif Dampak Pandemi COVID-19 Terhadap Proses Pembelajaran Online di Sekolah Dasar”, EduPsyCouns Journal vol. 2, pp. 1–12, 2020.

R. Lakhan, A. Agrawal, and M. Sharma, “Prevalence of Depression, Anxiety, and Stress during COVID-19 Pandemic”, J. Neurosci. Rural Pract., pp. 1–7, 2020. doi: 10.1055/s-0040-1716442.

S. Sekar, D. Ananda, dan N. C. Apsari, Prosiding Penelitian & Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat “Mengatasi Stress pada Remaja saat Pandemi Covid-19 dengan Teknik Self Talk”, Vol 7 No:2, halaman 248-256, 2020.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.36722/sh.v6i2.497

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengembangan Masyarakat (LP2M)

Universitas AL-AZHAR INDONESIA, Lt. 2 Ruang 207

Kompleks Masjid Agung Al Azhar

Jl. Sisingamangaraja, Kebayoran Baru

Jakarta Selatan 12110

Visitors