Coping Kecemasan Siswa SMA dalam Menghadapi Ujian Tulis Berbasis Komputer (UTBK) Tahun 2019

Mulia Mukminina, Zaenal Abidin

Abstract


Abstrak - Tahun 2019 Kemenristekdikti memberlakukan kebijakan baru dalam seleksi penerimaan mahasiswa baru, yakni Ujian Tulis Berbasis Komputer (UTBK). Pada tahun ini peserta akan mengikuti UTBK terlebih dahulu kemudian nilai yang didapatkan akan dipakai untuk mendaftar ke perguruan tinggi. Jika dilihat dari peminatnya dari tahun ke tahunserta keterbatasan Perguruan Tinggi Negeri (PTN) dalam menerima mahasiswa baru,  terdapat persentase cukup tinggi terkait peserta yang gagal diterima di PTN.Fakta ini dapat memunculkan kecemasan pada siswa SMA yang disebabkan oleh beberapa hal, yakni rasa tidak percaya diri dalam menghadapi tes, khawatir terhadap saingan, dan tidak yakin dengan kemampuan diri.Meskipun begitu, siswa yang memiliki kecemasan dalam menghadapi UTBK tentu memiliki strategi coping masing-masing. Dengan demikian, penelitian ini bertujuan untuk melihatgambaran coping kecemasan pada siswa SMA yang mengadapi UTBK tahun 2019. Metode yang digunkan adalahmetode kualitatif dengan pendekatan studi deskriptif. Teknik pengambilan data dilakukan melalui screening dan interview, kemudian hasilnya akan diolah menggunakan analisis tematik. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan pada siswa SMA yang memiliki tingkat kecemasan mild dalam menghadapi UTBK tahun 2019 cenderung memiliki teknik coping kecemasan yang tergolong adaptif. Coping tersebut dominan melibatkan kognitif, seperti problem solving, managing avoidance, challenging anxious thoughts. Sedangkan pada siswa perempuan, coping juga melibatkan emosi, yakni berdoa.

Abstract - In 2019, Kemenristekdikti will legitimate a new policy about the admission of new state university students, which is a computerized based test called UTBK. The students will attend the UTBK first and the score will be used to be their tickets to apply to the state university. Based on the data, it seems that the universities themselves have a limitation on accepting new students, therefore it might cause a huge percentage of students who fail attending university. This fact might be caused anxiety towards students who will face UTBK this year. According to that possibility, the assumption is every student who has anxiety will have different types of coping strategies with their anxiety. Thus, this research aims to describe how the students cope with their anxiety within this circumstance. The method that is used in this research is the qualitative method with a descriptive approach. The data was collected using screening and interview, then it was being analyzed using thematic analysis. The result has shown that most of the students who have a mild level of anxiety have an adaptive coping strategy. Most of them involve their cognitive, such as problem-solving, managing avoidance, and challenging anxious thoughts, while on girl students the finding showed the technique also involved physics and emotion, which is praying.

Keyword - Anxiety, Coping anxiety, High school students


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.36722/sh.v5i3.384

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