Metonimia dan Metafora dalam Norma dan Eksploitasi Tipe Semantis Adjektiva Value Frasa Nomina Eye pada Coca

Ria Herwandar, Lusi Lian Piantari

Abstract


Abstrak - Penelitian ini berjudul Metonimia dan Metafora dalam  Norma dan Eksploitasi Tipe Semantis Adjektiva Value Frasa Nomina Eye Pada COCA ‘Penelitian ini mengkaji kolokasi terdekat dengan kata eye untuk mendapatkan  makna prototipe dalam norma dan makna eksploitasi norma. Analisis kajian bertumpu pada The Theory of Norms and Exploitations, TNE karya Hanks (2013), sebuah teori bahasa yang berfokus pada kajian leksikal, berbasis kelola korpus dan teori bawah atas. Metodologi yang digunakan adalah metode pendekatan gabungan antara kualitatif sebagai pendekatan yang utama dan kuantitatif berdasarkan frekuensi kata dalam korpus. Lima puluh frasa nomina tertinggi dan lima puluh frasa nomin terendah dari 500 frekuensi di seleksi dan dipilah berdasarkan kategori tipe semantis ajektiva dengan fokus pada tipe semantis value. Jenis makna dalam norma dan eksploitasi bervariasi dengan inti perluasan makna literal terhadap metonimia dan metafora. Metonimia konseptual dan metafora konseptual di tingkat dasar yang diterapkan untuk frasa nomina eye adalah organ perseptual bersanding sebagai persepsi dan metafora konseptual melihat adalah menyentuh. Pada tingkat abstrak metafora konseptual menjadi  berpikir, mengetahui atau mengerti adalah melihat.

 

Kata Kunci – Norma dan Eksploitasi, Jenis dari Nilai Semantik, metonymy, metaphor, Frase kata benda “ eye”

 

Abstract - This reseach entitled  ‘Metonymy and Metaphor in Norm and Exploitation Semantic Types Adjective Value of Noun Phrase Eye in COCA’. This research analyse adjacent collocation the noun eye in oder to identify the prototype meaning of norms and extention meaning of the exploitations. The research is based on The Theory of Norms and Exploitations, TNE by Hanks (2013), a lexical and bottom-up theory, based on corpus data. The methodology used is a mixed-method of qualitative and quantitative of frequency of word in corpus. 50 highest frequency of noun phrase eye and 50 lowest frequency noun phrase from 500 frequncy  are selected and sorted out within the semantic type of the adjectives and focus on the semantic types of value. Type of meaning in norms and exploitations are varied with the core literal meaning extension towards metonymy and metaphor. The basic  conceptual Metonymy and the conceptual of metaphor for eye is perceptual organ stands for perception and for metaphor seeing is touching.In the abstract level of conceptual metaphor is describes as thimking, knowing aand understanding is seeing.

 

Keywords - Norms and Exploitations, Semantic Type of Value, Metonymy, Metaphor, Eye noun phrase.


Full Text:

PDF

References


Cresswell, J. 2009. Research Design Qualitative, Quantitative & mixed methods Approaches.University of Nebraska Lincoln, SAGE Publication. Inc.

Dixon,R.M.W. 1991. A Semantic Approach to English Grammar. Oxford University Press.

Newman, I. Benz. 1998.Qualitative-Quantitative Reseach Methodology: Exploring the interactive Continuum. Southern Illinois University Press

Halliday, M.A, K. Wolfgang, T. Colin, Y.Cermakova, A. 2004. Lexicology and Corpus Linguistics. London, New york. British Library cataloguing and Publication Data.

Hilpert, M. 2006.Keeping an Eye on the Data: Metonymies and their Patterns. In Anatol Stefanowitsch and Stefan Thomas Gries (eds), corpus Based Approaches to Metaphor and Metonymy. Berlin & New York: Mouton de Gruyter.

Hanks, P. 2013.Lexical analysis Norms and Exploitations. The MIT Press Cambridge Massachusetts, London England.

Hunford. J, Brendan H, Michel B. 2007. Semantics a course Book. Cambridge University Press.

Kridalaksana, H. 2008.Kamus Linguistik. PT. Gramedia Pustaka Utama Jakarta

Lindquist, Hans 2009. Corpus Linguistics and the Description of English. Edonburg University Press.

Lakoff, G and Johnson. 1980. Metaphors We Live By.The University of Chicago Press.

McEnery, T. Hardie. A. 2012. Corpus Linguistics: Method, Theory and Practice. Cambridge University Press.

Oakes, M. 1998. Statistics for Corpus Linguistics Edinburg Textbook in Empirical linguistics.Edinburg University Press.

Sinclair, J. M. 1991. Corpus, Concordance, Collocations. Oxford University Press.

Sinclair, J.M. 2004.Trust the text; language corpus, and discourse. London; Routledge.

Yu Ning. 2004. The Eyes for Sight and Mind. Journal of Pragmatics 36 .2004. 663-686 ELSEVIER

Quirk, R, et al. 1985. A Comprehensive Grammar of The English Language. Longman Inc. New York

Oxford Advanced Learener’s Dictionanry

Merriem Webster Learner’s dictionary

www.americancorpus.org

www.colormatters.com/color---/basic-color-theory




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.36722/sh.v4i2.262

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengembangan Masyarakat (LP2M)

Universitas AL-AZHAR INDONESIA, Lt. 2 Ruang 207

Kompleks Masjid Agung Al Azhar

Jl. Sisingamangaraja, Kebayoran Baru

Jakarta Selatan 12110

Visitors