Kesantunan Berbahasa dalam Interaksi Akademik di Fakultas Sastra UAI

Lusi Lian Piantari, Era Bawarti

Abstract


Abstrak - Penelitian ini membahas strategi kesantunan yang digunakan oleh dosen ketika melakukan bimbingan skripsi dengan mahasiswa. Hasil analisis yang dilaporkan dalam penelitian ini adalah tipe strategi kesantunan yang digunakan oleh dosen ketika memproduksi tuturan yang mengandung tindakan mengancam muka (Face Threatening Acts) kepada mahasiswa. Data diperoleh secara natural dari percakapan antara seorang dosen dan dua mahasiswa pada saat proses bimbingan skripsi. Tuturan yang mengandung tindakan mengancam muka yang dianalisis dalam penelitian ini adalah pada saat dosen meminta siswa untuk melakukan sesuatu. Data percakapan direkam secara audio untuk dianalisis berdasarkan teori strategi kesantunan dan konsep muka Brown & Levinson (1987) dan tipe permintaan (request) Blum Kulka & Olshtain (1984). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan permintaan yang dituturkan oleh dosen dilakukan dengan tiga tipe strategi yaitu secara eksplisit (bald-on record), menggunakan strategi kesantunan positif yang meliputi claim common ground, hedge opinion, dan avoid disagreement dan gabungan antara strategi kesantunan positif dan negatif. Relasi kuasa antara dosen dan mahasiswa juga merupakan faktor penting dalam penggunaan strategi kesantunan.

Kata kunci - strategi kesantunan, konsep muka, permintaan, relasi kuasa

 

Abstract - This research discusses the politeness strategy used by lecturers when doing thesis guidance with students. The result of analysis reported in this research is the type of politeness strategy used by the lecturer when producing speech that contains Face Threatening Acts to the students. The data obtained naturally from the conversation between a lecturer and two students during the process of thesis tutoring. The words that contain the face-threatening actions analyzed in this study is when the lecturer asks the student to do something. The conversation data was recorded by audio for analysis based on the politeness strategy and concept of Brown & Levinson face (1987) and Blum Kulka & Olshtain (1984). The result of the research shows that the demand given by the lecturer is done with three types of strategy that is explicitly (bald-on record), using positive politeness strategy which includes common ground claim, hedge opinion, and avoid disagreement and combination between positive and negative politeness strategy. The power relations between lecturers and students is also an important factor in the use of politeness strategies.

 

Keywords strategy of unity, concept advance, demand, power relations  


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References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.36722/sh.v3i3.211

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